名师讲座lectures

老程说 | 托福独立写作备考要点(1)

2019-10-06 09:39:21
临近考试,同学们都在想着临时抱佛脚,尤其是写作单项。所以今天的文章也很实在,旨在帮助大家更有效的抱(bei)佛(mu)脚 (ban)。文章分为三个内容:
1. 常用理由 
2. 大段展开
3. 加分词句 

 
常用理由(topic sentence) 
很多同学常常会在看到题目愣住,想半天也不知道该写啥,浪费了很多时间。这里给大家介绍几个可套用的理由及及其措辞和句型。
 
 1.沟通
当题目设计到团队合作,亲子关系,社交网络,体育锻炼等内容时,培养沟通能力(促进关系)都是一个不错的切入口。
 
Social cognition enables children to interpret others’ feelings so they can respond appropriately, present themselves in ways that others find appealing, and engage in positive relationships with people who are important in their lives. 
 
#Prompt A (2019.1.26)
After making a presentation in class, you want to evaluate it. Which of the following do you think would be better for you?
①Watch the recording by yourself;
②Invite other attenders to discuss and give opinions. 
 
这道真题就是讨论团队合作和独立工作孰优孰劣,前面提到的培养沟通能力就可以在此处稍作改变再套用。
Ex: Inviting other attenders to discuss enables students to interpret others’ feedback so they can respond appropriately, present themselves in ways that others find appealing, and engage in positive relationships with peers, who are important in their college lives.  
 
2.效率
提高/降低效率也是一个不错的万金油,在诸如团队合作,兴趣爱好,学习或者工作等话题中均可使用。
 
a.Firstly, in terms of teamwork, positive competition brought by teamwork will always yield efficiency in the long run.  
b.The value of a contributor decreases disproportionately with each additional person contributing to a single project, idea, or innovation.
c.Over time the ones that never take a risk and never try new things will get in a rut, which lessens their effectiveness and shrinks their influence. 
d.Moreover, it is assumed that as a network of people grows, the synergy of the network increases substantially. 
 
#Prompt B (2019.1.05)
Do you agree or disagree the following statement?
Scientific discoveries should be shared by all countries worldwide, and no government should keep them secret. 
 
乍一看这题还蛮难的,但是和上面一题讨论的合作与独立的关系有类似之处,只是稍微抽象了一些。
Ex: Firstly, in terms of scientific research, positive competition brought by sharing and spreading will always yield efficiency in the long run.  
 
3.时间
学习和工作的时候常常会遇到同时做多个任务还是一心只做一个,所以时间管理也是一个大家需要考虑的点。
a.Moreover, the most important key to balance both academics/work and social life is to learn to manage time. 
 
#Prompt C (2019.2.24)
Some first-year college students do not have good study habits. Some people believe that colleges should provide all of the first-year students with a required course to develop their good study habits. Other people believe that providing this course is unnecessary. What is your opinion and why? 
 
好的学习习惯一定也包括合理安排时间,所以就可以写:
Moreover, the most important key to balance both academics and social life is to learn to manage time, an ability most students have overlooked but could be acquired by strict training. 
 
4.健康
身体健康,心理健康也是我们常常要面对的问题,所以当出现一些比较生活类的话题,比如运动(电竞运动),艺术等时,可以从健康角度考虑。
a.Firstly, sports free people from emotional and physical stress. 
b.One of the biggest advantages of reading news/playing computer games is the positive effects it has on mental health.
 
#Prompt D (2019.3.31)
The university will spend money on dormitory to improve the life quality of students. Which of the following do you think is the best way?
①providing a room for quiet study;
②building an exercise room;
③providing entertainment place (to watch film). 
 
选1就可以参考#知识#,选2选3都可以写促进身心健康。
Ex: One of the biggest advantages of building an exercise room is the positive effects it has on students’ physical health.
 
5.社交网络
社交网络和电子产品是一个很爱考的题目,所以大家一定要准备至少三个以上的优(缺)点背下来。
a.The most convincing argument for early-age tech fluency, however, is more basic: staying competitive. 
b.Digital and hopeful college students are now able capable of zoning together in the social media in order to get into the courses and schools of their dreams.
c.Social media, an ultimate equalizer in the society, empowers citizens to share their views and contribute to popular issues. 
d.Through social sites, global citizens are becoming aware of the havoc around the world and hence are doing what they can do to help others via the internet. 
之前用过的一些关于学知识,培养沟通能力,增加效率都可以在这里体现。
e.While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. 
f.Social cognition enables children to interpret others’ feelings so they can respond appropriately, present themselves in ways that others find appealing, and engage in positive relationships with people who are important in their lives.
g.Social networking services can provide an accessible and powerful toolkit for highlighting and acting on issues and causes that affect and interest young people.
 
#Prompt E (2019.3.30)
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Experts suggest parents should limit the time children under 13 spend on electronic devices, such as computers, cell phones except for homework. 
 
如果遇到了这道真题,就非常简单了,迅速把背下来的理由改写一下直接套用。
Ex: The most convincing argument for parents to encourage early-age tech fluency rather than limit it, however, is more basic: staying competitive.
Ex: Through social sites, children are becoming aware of the havoc around the world and hence will do what they can do to help others via the internet. 
 
6.知识
a.While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. 
b.A high-quality social life facilitates career path. 
c.Being adaptable and willing to try new things, even at risk of failure or deprivation of comfort, is crucial for leadership success.
d.Moreover, obvious political involvement in a teacher may not only encourage students be become more interested in politics themselves—it may also create the kind of environment that is essential to receiving the full picture in any news story. 
e.Moreover, teens who are engaged in early part-time job can build valuable work experience which may spark lifelong careers. 
Higher levels of education enables parents to get involved in the children’s schools.  
 
7.品格
a. People flourish when they are doing something they like and what they are good at. 
bA part-time job is a great self-esteem booster, a pivotal lifelong trait. 
c.Risk-taking people who try new things are the fuel that makes an organization machine run, instrumental in their core positions in companies.
dPursuing what one loves will give he or her access to creativity and energy that one would not otherwise be able to tap while slogging to a job one is indifferent about.
e.People are willing to make lifestyle changes because the intrinsic rewards of following a passion or making a difference are more important than a secure but unenjoyable career.
 
8.钱
a.The increasing income of a household on average makes it possible for parents to engage in children’s school activities. 
b.Earning money from part-time job/good grades offers an opportunity for financial education. 
 
顺便送大家一个开头段的句型
 
Worldwide communications carry everywhere the constant drumbeat of modern possibilities to lighten and enhance work, raise living standard, and diverse life style/prioritize education. Given these growing opportunities, controversial issues, such as ________, are currently confronting modern people. Some scientists/professors/parental experts propose that______________, but recent theory suggests that_______________. In this essay, I will attempt to demonstrate that _____________ for the following reasons. 
 
最后一定要提一句,托福考试最终测试的语言能力,提高写作能力的最佳途径是不断的阅读输入,不断的练习输出。不要太相信模板和所谓的技巧,多读多写才是唯一正解。 

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